Friday, December 01, 2006

Market manipulators in India - Beware

"There is bad news for market manipulators in India. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) is going live with its own market surveillance mechanism, called the Integrated Market Surveillance System (IMSS), from December 1.". Thus reads Financial Express.

It is high time to know what is this "Integrated Market Surveillance System (IMSS)". As per SEBI, it is "SEBI intends to setup a comprehensive "Integrated Market Surveillance System" (IMSS) for monitoring the market activities across various stock exchanges and market segments (including both equities and derivatives). In this regard SEBI invites "Expression of Interest" from leading vendors of International class and standing to provide an end-to-end solution for building the said project on a total turn key basis.

The primary objective of the project is to enable establishment of a robust and integrated market surveillance system to detect potential and accomplished insider trading and manipulation/fraud violations across financial instruments and markets.

SEBI desires to implement a comprehensive surveillance platform that will provide it with:

* An online data repository capable of capturing market transaction and reference data;

* A research and regulatory analysis platform (consisting of a combination of off-the-shelf and custom software), and

* Sophisticated alert engines that can work with various data formats (database, numeric and text data) that have the:

* Capability to detect insider trading – that is, illicit trading ahead of the public release of price sensitive information regardless of its source;
* Capability to detect potential fraud by misrepresentation, including violations such as making public announcements with the intent of moving the price of an instrument either up or down;
* Capability to detect fraudulent trading practices, including violations such as synchronization/wash sales; and
* Capability to detect potential and accomplished manipulations in the market, including violations such as market domination, marking the open, marking the close, and stock-option manipulation."

Tuesday, November 21, 2006

SEBI passes disgorgement order in “IPO Manipulation” case

SEBI passes disgorgement order in “IPO Manipulation” case

In continuation of the interim order dated April 27, 2006 relating to "IPO Manipulation”, Shri G. Anantharaman, Whole Time Member, SEBI has passed an interim order dated November 21, 2006 ordering both the depositories viz. National Securities Depository Ltd. (NSDL) and Central Depository Services (India) Ltd. (CDSL) and eight (8) Depository Participants namely Karvy Stock Broking Ltd., HDFC Bank Ltd., Khandwala Integrated Financial Services Pvt. Ltd., IDBI Bank Ltd., Jhaveri Securities Pvt. Ltd., ING Vysya Bank Ltd., Pravin Ratilal Share & Stock Broking Ltd. and Pratik Stock Vision Pvt. Ltd. to jointly and severally disgorge an amount of Rs.115.81 crores within a period of six (6) months from the date of passing of the order. The order further states that “all parties are at liberty to seek contribution/indemnity from any party which they believe is liable to a greater extent than quantified here as also from individuals and companies which were involved in the IPO cornering/fraud but are not named, not being intermediaries under S. 12 of the SEBI Act 1992.”

The full text of the order is available on the website:

Saturday, July 01, 2006

Indian Stock Market Analysis - 03 July 2006

Visit for complete analysis of the Indian Stock markets and indices ( Sensex and Nifty) with accurate prediction for tomorrow.

A sneak preview ( Check for complete coverage)

Monthly Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 9717 10058 10268 10318 10900 10950 11161 11502
NSE 2886 2979 3036 3049 3207 3221 3278 3370

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 10479 10503 10529 10560 10659 10689 10714 10739
NSE 3093 3100 3106 3115 3142 3150 3157 3164

Daily Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 8715 9439 9886 9991 11227 11333 11780 12503
NSE 2576 2787 2917 2948 3308 3339 3469 3680

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 10333 10385 10438 10504 10715 10780 10832 10886
NSE 3048 3063 3078 3097 3159 3178 3193 3209

Tuesday, June 06, 2006

Seeking Break

It has been quite some time since I posted anything on Indian Stock Markets lately in my blog.The reason being that I was caught up in my office work and was not able to find time for blogging.
I am free now but I am going on vacation for ten days.So, it means that I will not be regular at blogging.
Please bear with me.
As of now the Indian Stock Markets are in serious problem and expect the market to be weak in the coming days.Read my earlier post on Japanese conncetion to get a clue.Moreover with the US coming out with depressing economic data, it will really need some strength from the investors and FIIs to make the market moving.

Bye for now

Monday, May 29, 2006

Indian Stock Market Analysis - 30 May 2006

Visit for complete analysis of the Indian Stock markets and indices ( Sensex and Nifty) with accurate prediction for tomorrow.

A sneak preview ( Check for complete coverage on the Japanese connection)

Monthly Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 8927 10117 10852 11026 13059 13233 13968 15158
NSE 2970 3195 3333 3366 3749 3782 3921 4145

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 11588 11675 11762 11869 12216 12324 12410 12497
NSE 3472 3488 3505 3525 3590 3611 3627 3643

Daily Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 10668 10738 10782 10793 10914 10924 10968 11039
NSE 3192 3201 3206 3208 3222 3223 3229 3237

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 10826 10831 10836 10843 10863 10870 10875 10880
NSE 3212 3212 3213 3214 3216 3217 3218 3218

Wednesday, May 24, 2006

Mutual Funds and FII - Trends (upto may 23)

Visit for complete analysis of the Indian Stock markets and indices ( Sensex and Nifty) with accurate prediction for tomorrow.

A sneak preview ( Check for complete coverage)

Daily Trends in FII Investments on 23-MAY-2006

Reporting Date Debt/Equity Gross Purchases(Rs Crores) Gross Sales(Rs Crores) Net Investment (Rs Crores) Net Investment US($) million at month exchange rate
02-MAY-2006 Equity 121.50 60.60 60.90 13.70
Debt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
03-MAY-2006 Equity 3128.90 2910.40 218.50 49.10
Debt 0.00 50.00 (50.00) (11.20)
04-MAY-2006 Equity 2926.60 2019.40 907.20 204.00
Debt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
05-MAY-2006 Equity 2630.00 2307.30 322.60 72.50
Debt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
08-MAY-2006 Equity 2845.40 1737.30 1108.10 249.10
Debt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
09-MAY-2006 Equity 2611.20 2244.80 366.50 81.50
Debt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
10-MAY-2006 Equity 2599.90 2139.40 460.50 102.40
Debt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
11-MAY-2006 Equity 2516.40 2193.50 322.90 71.80
Debt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
12-MAY-2006 Equity 2174.30 3373.40 (1199.10) (266.80)
Debt 396.90 0.00 396.90 88.30
15-MAY-2006 Equity 1825.40 1806.70 18.60 4.10
Debt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
16-MAY-2006 Equity 1944.10 2672.50 (728.40) (162.10)
Debt 0.00 199.50 (199.50) (44.40)
17-MAY-2006 Equity 2488.90 3022.20 (533.40) (118.70)
Debt 127.90 0.00 127.90 28.50
18-MAY-2006 Equity 1593.10 2016.60 (423.50) (94.20)
Debt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
19-MAY-2006 Equity 2104.00 2914.60 (810.60) (180.30)
Debt 43.10 0.00 43.10 9.60
22-MAY-2006 Equity 2699.10 4060.50 (1361.30) (302.90)
Debt 0.00 52.70 (52.70) (11.70)
23-MAY-2006 Equity 3019.20 3949.00 (929.80) (206.90)
Debt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Trends in Transactions on Stock Exchanges by Mutual Funds

(Provisional and subject to revision) May 2006

Equity (Rs in crores) Debt (Rs in crores)
Transaction Date Gross Purchases Gross Sales Net Purchases / Sales Gross Purchases Gross Sales Net Purchases/ Sales
02.05.06 543.63 494.8 48.83 389.58 324.42 65.16
03.05.06 722.59 580.21 142.38 555.27 229.88 325.39
04.05.06 855.53 580.62 274.91 285.41 119.01 166.4
05.05.06 761.83 527.42 234.41 409.98 152.3 257.68
08.05.06 401 571.78 -170.78 537.41 204.32 333.09
09.05.06 726.92 575.41 151.51 564.28 234.27 330.01
10.05.06 981.53 453.3 528.23 813.02 397.06 415.96
11.05.06 456.65 524.58 -67.93 1475.45 246.91 1228.54
12.05.06 778.21 422.04 356.17 619.55 365.87 253.68
15.05.06 1274.82 489.46 785.36 748.34 344.06 404.28
16.05.06 1103.6 760.39 343.21 925.49 271.92 653.57
17.05.06 707.24 513.94 193.3 1325.27 636.61 688.66
18.05.06 1244.54 481.85 762.69 738.64 360.11 378.53
19.05.06 1279.2 430.86 848.34 358.76 223.79 134.97
22.05.06 998.04 595.3 402.74 398.84 420.32 -21.48
Total 12835.33 8001.96 4833.37 10145.29 4530.85 5614.44

Source : SEBI Website

Indian Stock Market Analysis - 25 May 2006

Visit for complete analysis of the Indian Stock markets and indices ( Sensex and Nifty) with accurate prediction for tomorrow.

A sneak preview ( Check for complete coverage )

Monthly Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 8927 10117 10852 11026 13059 13233 13968 15158
NSE 2970 3195 3333 3366 3749 3782 3921 4145

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 11588 11675 11762 11869 12216 12324 12410 12497
NSE 3472 3488 3505 3525 3590 3611 3627 3643

Daily Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 9516 9920 10169 10228 10918 10977 11227 11631
NSE 2761 2896 2980 3000 3231 3251 3335 3471

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 10419 10448 10478 10514 10632 10669 10698 10727
NSE 3064 3074 3084 3096 3135 3148 3157 3167

Friday, May 19, 2006

Do fundamentals—or emotions—drive the stock market?

Do fundamentals—or emotions—drive the stock market?

Emotions can drive market behavior in a few short-lived situations. But fundamentals still rule.

When markets deviate
Irrational behavior.
Systematic patterns of behavior.
Limits to arbitrage in financial markets.
Momentum and other matters

Persistent mispricing in carve-outs and dual-listed companies

Markets and fundamentals: The bubble of the 1990s

Focus on intrinsic value
All this and more on

Indian Stock Market Analysis - 22 May 2006

Visit for complete analysis of the Indian Stock markets and indices ( Sensex and Nifty) with accurate prediction for tomorrow.

A sneak preview ( Check )

Monthly Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 8927 10117 10852 11026 13059 13233 13968 15158
NSE 2970 3195 3333 3366 3749 3782 3921 4145

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 11588 11675 11762 11869 12216 12324 12410 12497
NSE 3472 3488 3505 3525 3590 3611 3627 3643

Daily Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 9020 9753 10206 10313 11564 11671 12124 12857
NSE 2645 2875 3017 3051 3443 3477 3619 3848

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 10659 10712 10766 10832 11045 11112 11165 11218
NSE 3159 3176 3193 3213 3280 3301 3318 3335

Thursday, May 18, 2006

Indian Stock Market Analysis - 19 May 2006

Visit for complete analysis of the Indian Stock markets and indices ( Sensex and Nifty) with accurate prediction for tomorrow.

A sneak preview ( Check )

Monthly Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 8927 10117 10852 11026 13059 13233 13968 15158
NSE 2970 3195 3333 3366 3749 3782 3921 4145

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 11588 11675 11762 11869 12216 12324 12410 12497
NSE 3472 3488 3505 3525 3590 3611 3627 3643

Daily Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 7891 9228 10054 10249 12533 12729 13555 14892
NSE 2346 2744 2991 3049 3729 3787 4033 4432

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 10881 10978 11076 11196 11586 11707 11805 11902
NSE 3237 3266 3295 3331 3447 3483 3512 3541

Wednesday, May 17, 2006

Indian Stock Market Analysis - 18 May 2006

Visit for complete analysis of the Indian Stock markets and indices ( Sensex and Nifty) with accurate prediction for tomorrow.

A sneak preview ( Check )

Monthly Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 8927 10117 10852 11026 13059 13233 13968 15158
NSE 2970 3195 3333 3366 3749 3782 3921 4145

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 11588 11675 11762 11869 12216 12324 12410 12497
NSE 3472 3488 3505 3525 3590 3611 3627 3643

Daily Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 11655 11739 11790 11803 11945 11957 12009 12092
NSE 3437 3470 3490 3495 3551 3556 3577 3610

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 11842 11848 11854 11862 11886 11893 11899 11906
NSE 3511 3513 3516 3518 3528 3531 3533 3536

Tuesday, May 16, 2006

Indian Stock Market Analysis - 17 May 2006

Visit for complete analysis of the Indian Stock markets and indices ( Sensex and Nifty) with accurate prediction for tomorrow.

A sneak preview ( Check )

Monthly Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 8927 10117 10852 11026 13059 13233 13968 15158
NSE 2970 3195 3333 3366 3749 3782 3921 4145

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 11588 11675 11762 11869 12216 12324 12410 12497
NSE 3472 3488 3505 3525 3590 3611 3627 3643

Daily Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 11655 11739 11790 11803 11945 11957 12009 12092
NSE 3437 3470 3490 3495 3551 3556 3577 3610

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 11842 11848 11854 11862 11886 11893 11899 11906
NSE 3511 3513 3516 3518 3528 3531 3533 3536

Saturday, May 13, 2006

Indian Stock Market Analysis - 15 May 2006

Visit for complete analysis of the Indian Stock markets and indices ( Sensex and Nifty) with accurate prediction for tomorrow.

A sneak preview ( Check )

Monthly Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 8927 10117 10852 11026 13059 13233 13968 15158
NSE 2970 3195 3333 3366 3749 3782 3921 4145

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 11588 11675 11762 11869 12216 12324 12410 12497
NSE 3472 3488 3505 3525 3590 3611 3627 3643

Daily Technical Levels
Resistance levels ( Growth)
Sensex 11648 11892 12042 12077 12493 12528 12679 12922
NSE 3434 3517 3568 3580 3721 3733 3784 3866

Support levels ( Retracement)
Sensex 12192 12210 12228 12250 12321 12343 12360 12378
NSE 3619 3625 3631 3638 3662 3670 3676 3682

Friday, May 12, 2006

Everything About Google : Part IV

Google offers a variety of services and tools besides its basic web search. This is a partial list of Google's services and tools.




Main article:


Mobile social software. is a new social networking site built specifically for use on mobile phones. Google purchased the website in 2005. This website was previously privately owned.



Main article: Google Alerts

* Google Alerts

Google Alerts are emails automatically sent by Google when there are new Google results chosen search terms. Currently the service offer four types of alerts: 'News,' 'Web,' 'News & Web,' and 'Groups.'. Such alerts can be configured to be mailed as soon as new news get discovered or daily.



Main article: Google Analytics

* Google Analytics

Google Analytics was launched on November 18, 2005. It is a free service that generates detailed statistics about traffic to a website. Its main highlight is that webmasters can optimize their ad campaigns through Google Analytics' analysis of where visitors came from, how long they stayed on the website, and their geographical location. The homepage reads: "Google Analytics tells you everything you want to know about how your visitors found you and how they interact with your site." The service is based on the Urchin software that Google acquired when it took over Urchin Software Corporation.



Main article: Google Answers

* Google Answers

Google Answers is an Internet search and research service offered for a fee by Google.



Main article: Google Base

* Google Base

Google Base was officially launched in beta on November 16, 2005, but was already alive earlier for brief amounts of time. Its homepage read: "Google Base is Google’s database into which you can add all types of content. We'll host your content and make it searchable online for free." The official statement from Google Inc at this time, as posted on Google Blog on Nov. 16, 2005, is: Today we're excited to announce Google Base, an extension of our existing content collection efforts like web crawl, Google Sitemaps, Google Print and Google Video. Google Base enables content owners to easily make their information searchable online. Anyone, from large companies to website owners and individuals, can use it to submit their content in the form of data items. We'll host the items and make them searchable for free.

Google Base enables content owners to give a structure to their information and make it easily searchable online, it can be related in its principle to a simplified Semantic Web, information is described using labels and attributes.


Blog Search

* Google Blog Search

On September 14 2005, Google launched Blog Search. It is Google search technology focused on blogs. Results include all blogs, not just those published through Blogger. Blog Search's blog index is continually updated. Blogs written in English can be searched, as well as those written in other languages, including French, Italian, German, Spanish, Chinese, Korean, Japanese and Brazilian Portuguese.



* Google Bookmarks

A free online bookmark storage service available to Google Account holders. This service organizes bookmarks with tags and bookmarks labeled homepage will be displayed on your Personalized Homepage.


Book Search

Formerly Google Print

* Google Book Search

At the Frankfurt Book Fair in October 2004, Google introduced its Google Print service, now known as Google Book Search. This tool searches the full text of books that Google scans and stores in its digital database. When relevant to a user's keyword search, up to three results from the Google Book Search index are displayed above search results in the Google Web Search service ( Or, a user may search just for books at the dedicated Google Book Search service. [1] Clicking a result from Google Book Search opens an interface in which the user may view pages from the book as well as content-related advertisements and links to the publisher's website and booksellers. Through a variety access limitations and security measures, some based on user-tracking, Google limits the number of viewable pages and prohibits page printing and text copying. [2].

As of December 2005, the Google Book Search service remains in a beta stage but the underlying database continues to grow, with more than a hundred thousand titles added by publishers and authors and some 10,000 works in the public domain now indexed and included in search results. A similar service, known as Search Inside the Book, is offered by's

In December 2004, Google signaled an extension to its Google Print initiative known as the Google Print Library Project. [3] Google announced partnerships with several high-profile university and public libraries, including the University of Michigan, Harvard (Widener Library), Stanford (Green Library), Oxford (Bodleian Library), and the New York Public Library. According to press releases and university librarians, Google plans to digitize and make available through its Google Book Search service approximately 15 million volumes within a decade. The announcement soon triggered controversy, as publisher and author associations challenged Google's plans to digitize, not just books in the public domain, but also titles still under copyright. Google's Library Project later spurred a group led by Yahoo!, called the Open Content Alliance.

On November 17, 2005, Google changed the name of this service from Google Print to Google Book Search. [4] Its program enabling publishers and authors to include their books in the service was renamed Google Books Partner Program and the partnership with libraries became Google Books Library Project.

Google Book Search remains controversial. While many hail the initiative for its potential to offer unprecedented access to what may become the largest online corpus of human knowledge, the publishing industry and writers' groups decry the project as a wholesale rights-grab. The Authors Guild of America and Association of American Publishers have individually sued Google, citing 'massive copyright infringement'.

See also: List of digital library projects



Main article: Google Calendar

* Google Calendar

Google Calendar is a free online calendar service from google similar to the one offered by Yahoo! or MSN. It was started on April 13, 2006. Google Calendar offers importing and exporting with Apple iCal and importing only with Microsoft Office Outlook. This service is also compatible with Mozilla Sunbird

The Google Calendar allows users to store different events in the calendar and share a part of it with friends or with general public. It is quite similar to the Yahoo Calendar which was introduced in 1998. However, Yahoo Calendar does not have the capability for sharing events, and has remained more or less the same since its inception.

The most important feature of Google Calendar is the use of natural language processing to simplify how events are entered. The feature allows users to type simple commands such as, "leave work today at 5 p.m.," or, "drinks Thursday with Elinor," that the system can interpret and automatically insert into the calendar. Events can be private, shared with friends, or made public on the Web.

Google Calendar users can search for events in a search bar by typing in keywords, events, or people's names. Events also can be quickly created by typing in simple messages with a day of the week and the item is automatically generated.

In addition, users can create event invitations to be sent to anyone with an email address, send reminders via email or mobile phone text messages, and keep track of RSVPs from within the program. People can see their schedules by day, week, month and four-day views, highlight any period from a monthly calendar for a customized view, and display only certain events at a time on their calendar view.



* Google Catalogs

As of April 2006, Google Catalogs is in the beta stage. Numerous (over 6,600 at the time of this writing) print catalogs are archived on Google as scanned image files. Through the use of character recognition, users can search for a text string in these catalogs in a fashion similar to how they would for materials on the general web. Matching results are displayed through thumbnails of the pages on which the text was found, with the specific area of the page where the search result is found shaded in a yellow box. Another image file next to the thumbnail, a shrunk version of the highlighted area on the thumbnail, highlights the exact location of the search result. Users can then access the page of the catalog (as a larger graphic file) and change pages by using a navigation bar positioned above the page image. It might be worth noting that one can access the catalogs without a search as well.



Main article: Google Co-op

* Google Co-op

Google says that "Google Co-op is a way for users to help us improve search. It lets people and organizations label web pages and create specialized links related to their unique expertise. Whether it's information about a hobby, a profession, or an unusual interest, everyone can contribute to making Google search more relevant and useful for the entire community." Google launched the service on 10 May 2006.



* Google Directory

Google Directory launched April 2000. The directory is a subset of the links in Google's database arranged into hierarchical subcategories, like an advanced Yellow Pages of the web. The source of the directory, and its categorization is from the Open Directory Project (ODP). The ODP publishes an easily parsed version of its database in Resource Description Framework (RDF) format for other sites, like Google, to use for derivative directories. The Websites in the Google Directory are sorted by PageRank.



Sometimes referred to as GBuy is Google's EPayments System. It is integrated with the Google Account system and works with other Google products such as Google Base and Store.



* Google Finance

On March 21, 2006, Google, Inc. launched the new Google Finance website (Official Blog Post). The service features the latest business and enterprise headlines for many corporations including their financial decisions and major news events about the company in question.



Main article: Froogle

Froogle is a price engine that searches online stores for particular products. It is also offered in Wireless Markup Language (WML) form and can be accessed from cellphones or other wireless devices that have support for WML.



Main article: Gmail

* Gmail

Gmail, also known as Google Mail, is a free webmail and POP e-mail service, currently in beta testing, from Google, Inc. Its competitors include AIM Mail, Yahoo! Mail, and Microsoft's Hotmail.

Gmail was initially released on April 1, 2004. Since Gmail is still in "beta", access to the service is restricted to those who have received an invitation from an existing account holder, from Blogger, or through their mobile phone. Some believe Gmail will continue to be invitation-only even after the beta phase in order to reduce the risk of spam.

While Gmail is not entirely open to the general public yet, Google gives existing users the ability to invite people to Gmail. Google also sometimes randomly gives out invites as links on its homepage. It is also possible to sign up using SMS in certain countries or if one has a .edu e-mail address. Google has prohibited the sale of Gmail addresses online, although some people still do.

The service is notable for providing over 2.7 (and counting) gigabytes (2700 megabytes) (as of 17 April 2006) of storage space (increased from the original limit of 1000 megabytes). This change was announced on April Fool's Day 2005, and was made for the one-year anniversary of Gmail. The announcement was accompanied by a statement that Google would continue to increase storage until they reached the theoretical limit (infinity gigabytes) then give each user one more. All Google will say about this now is that it will keep increasing by the second as long as they have enough space on their servers. Gmail makes intensive use of modern browser features such as JavaScript and keyboard access keys, allowing for a richer user experience, while retaining the benefits of a web application (most importantly, immediate availability of the service on any computer with a supported browser: Internet Explorer 5.5+, Mozilla Application Suite 1.4+, Firefox 0.8+, Safari 1.2.2+, Netscape 7.1+, or the Opera browser). Gmail also offers "Basic HTML view" to allow users to access the Gmail messages from almost any computer running browsers that do not fully support the more advanced features.

There has been some criticism about Gmail's information and privacy policies. Much of it stems from phrases in Gmail's Privacy Policy which state that Gmail will keep all e-mail for "some time" even if it has been deleted or the account terminated and that Gmail will disclose personal information (including the actual text of e-mails) if it has a "good faith belief" that such a disclosure is necessary for various reasons such as the very vague "protect the rights, property or safety of ... the public."[3]

Another unresolved issue discussed among privacy advocates is the lack of disclosed data retention and correlation policies. More than 30 privacy and civil rights organizations have urged Google to suspend Gmail service until these issues are resolved [4].

Newest from Gmail is a Chat feature, that allows Gmail users to Chat with other Gmail or Google talk users.



Main article: Google Groups

* Google Groups

Google maintains a Usenet archive, called Google Groups (formerly an independent site known as Deja News). Google is currently testing a new version of its Groups service, which archives mailing lists hosted by Google in addition to Usenet posts, using the same interface as Gmail (see below). Formally known as "Google Groups Beta," the new version of Google Groups is much more advanced than the last, letting you more easily join a group, make a group, and track your favorite topics. However, many users preferred the old interface and find the new one cluttered.

The original Google Groups interface, which was preferred by a great number of regular Usenet posters to the current Beta version, due to its closer adherence to established Usenet Netiquette, was available until May 4, 2005, on the domains and, and, according to the (non-official) FAQ, until July 28, 2005 on some other sites; it is currently unavailable on all Google Groups sites.

See also: X-No-Archive



In 2003, Google announced Google Images, which allows users to search the web for image content. The keywords for the image search are based on the filename of the image, the link text pointing to the image, and text adjacent to the image. When searching for an image, a thumbnail of each matching image is displayed. Then when clicking on a thumbnail, the image is displayed in a frame at the top of the page and the website on which that image was found is displayed in a frame below it, making it easier to see from where the image is coming.

* Google Images website



Main article: Google Labs

* Google Labs

Google Labs consists of all of Google's experimental technologies. Google Labs is akin to a directory page that links to all Google technologies under development or in beta that have not yet been made widely available. From the Google Labs home page, a user can access Google Suggest, Google Desktop Search, and other web technologies.



* Google Maps

Formerly Google Local and before that was called Google Maps.

On February 8, 2005, Google introduced a beta release of an online map service called Google Maps, which only covered the USA, Canada, the UK and Ireland. It can interact with Google Local to restrict results to a certain areas. The service features draggable maps, a location search, and turn-by-turn directions. It has received early praise for the speed of its operation, produced by the pre-rendering of the maps it uses. It currently works with Internet Explorer, Mozilla-based browsers (such as Mozilla Firefox), Opera and Safari web browser. On April 4, 2005, Google added satellite imagery to Google Maps. Originally limited to North America and the United Kingdom, the satellite imagery was extended to include the whole world in June 2005, also in June of 2005 the Google Maps API was released. On October 6, The service was then merged with Google Local Search and was called Google Local. On November 7, 2005 Google launched Google Local for mobile, a free service that combines directions, maps and satellite imagery and it should work with most Java-enabled (J2ME) mobile phones. On April 21, 2006, Google reverted the name of Google Local back to Google Maps due to popular demand for the previous name. The only difference in the service was the name change. On April 26,2006, Google released beta versions of Google Maps for France, Germany, Italy, and Spain, and featured better high imagery coverage as well.



Main article: Google Mars

* Google Mars

On March 13, 2006, Google added imagery of Mars to its Google Maps interface. This coincided with the anniversary of the birth of astronomer Percival Lowell.



* Google Mobile website

Allows users to search using Google from wireless devices such as mobile phone and PDAs.



Main article: Google Moon

* Google Moon

On July 20, 2005, in honor of the first manned Moon landing on the July 20, 1969, Google has added NASA imagery to Google Maps. As a joke, the closest zoom level features an image of cheese instead of the moon surface. This plays on the English expression that "the moon is made of Swiss cheese."



Main article: Google News

* Google News

Google introduced a beta release of an automated news compilation service, Google News, in April 2002. There are different versions of the aggregator for more than 20 languages, with more added all the time. While the selection of news stories is fully automated, the sites included and the algorithms that choose the news articles to be displayed are selected by human editors, and the choices have occasionally led to some controversy. The service is integrated with Google Search History. On the 23 January 2006 Google News graduated from beta to become a fully fledged Google service.


Page Creator

Main article: Google Page Creator

* Google Page Creator

Google introduced a beta release of a web-publishing program which creates pages and hosts them on Google's servers. You must have a GMail or GoogleMail Account to use this service. It offers 100 MB of free storage space and you can upload htm and html files your site even if they have been made in other programs.

The URL given to members is


Personalized Home

Formerly Portal or Google Fusion

* Google Personalized Home

In May 2005, Google introduced Personalized Homepage, giving the ability to customize the default Google home page. In order to use the Google service, the user must first have a Google account, although these accounts are distinct from Gmail and do not require invitation. It allows users to have a homepage customized to their taste with, among other things, Google Search, an at-a-glance headline view of top stories from numerous websites including Slashdot and CNN, as well as offering your local weather. The user can select certain items to appear on their portal. Preselected news feeds can be chosen, or customized RSS feeds can be used. Among available pre-determined feeds are the BBC, CNN and Slashdot along with many others. On 14 September 2005, Google moved the homepage out of Google Labs. The "IG" in the address stands for "I Google".


Personalized Search

* Google Personalized Search

By making use of Google's Search History feature, this service allows users to create a profile based on their prior search history. Future search results can be prioritized on an individual basis on the information collected.



* Google Scholar

In November 2004, Google released Google Scholar, a search engine that indexes the full text of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and scholarly fields. Today, the index includes virtually all peer-reviewed journals available online, except those published by Elsevier, the world's largest scientific publisher. Comparable in function to Elsevier's Scopus and Thomson ISI's subscription-based Web of Science service, though more inclusive in sources and languages.

Results in Google Scholar are ranked by "relevance", which is based largely on the number of times the scholarly works have been cited in other works and in this sense is similar to PageRank. The relevance ranking is biased towards older works rather than up-to-date works which have had less time to be cited. Google Scholar appears to be strongly based on the ideas behind Citeseer, as described in the paper Digital Libraries and Autonomous Citation Indexing [5]. "Stand on the shoulders of giants" appears as a motto on the Google scholar main page.

During early 2005, Google Scholar was enhanced by the first attempt by a search engine to directly link its users to online resources at research libraries. Initially known as the Institutional Access Pilot, now Library Links, the service enables institutional users, primarily at major academic libraries, to identify their institutional affiliation and thereby receive customized search results that link to their institution's link resolver, thus ensuring they receive access to a document's full text.


Search History

Formerly My Search History

* Search History

Keeps a record of all searches and clicked results while a user is logged into a Google Account and allows this to be accessed and searched. This also tracks queries made to Google Images and Google News. Recently, Google expanded Search History with a new feature, dubbed Trends, that allows users to view detailed statistics based on the data in their search history. [6]


Special Searches

* [



Main article: Google Trends

* Google Trends

Google says that "Google Trends builds on the idea behind the Google Zeitgeist, allowing you to sort through several years of Google search queries from around the world to get a general idea of everything from user preferences on ice-cream flavors to the relative popularity of politicians in their respective cities or countries." The service was publicized on 10 May 2006.



Main article: Google Video

* Google Video

Google Video is a free Google service that allows anyone to upload video clips to Google's web servers as well as make their own media available free of charge or commercially through the Google Video Store. Users can search and play videos directly from Google Video, as well as download video files and remotely embed them on their webpages






Examples (the link texts are what is entered as if it were a search string):

* 12*13

* 0x23 in decimal

* 40 in hexadecimal

* (1+i)*(2+i)

* 212 F in C

* 1.21 gigawatts / 88 mph

* the speed of light in miles / s

* the speed of light in furlongs per fortnight

* the speed of light in knots

* the speed of light in light years per year

* days in a year

* two plus two

* au/c (Astronomical Unit / the speed of light)

* m_earth (with underscore)

* r_earth (with underscore)

* G

* 1-0.9-0.1 = −2.77555756 × 10−17 (Floating point#Problems with floating-point floating point math error)[7] (Fixed as of 00:34, 6 February 2006 (UTC))

* kibibyte in bytes

* kbit/s in bit/s = 1,024 bit/second (binary prefix error — kbit/s always means 1000 bit/s, unlike kilobyte, which is ambiguous)

* the answer to life, the universe, and everything (see The Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything)

* 1/once in a blue moon

* R_infinity (Rydberg constant) (with underscore)

* Phi_0 Magnetic flux quantum (with underscore)

Currency Conversion

* Explanation

Examples (the link texts are what is entered as if it were a search string):

* 1.5 LTL in EUR

* 100 Chilean peso in Brazilian real

* 2 Euros per liter in British pounds per Imperial pint


Enables users to have a word or string (phrase) defined from definitions found in online references (including wiki sites). Explanation

* Definition of cat.

* Definition of Purple Rain.

* Definition of George Washington.

Hurricane Katrina On September 12, 2005, Google added two new search features designed specificially for finding information about Hurricane Katrina's aftermath. The first is Katrina People Search that can help one search multiple databases of information regarding friends and family affected by the hurricane. The second feature is a Special Index Search on Katrina related pages.

* Official Google Hurricane Katrina search tools (Redirects to main search page as of February 6, 2006)


Allows users in the USA and Canada to search for info about movies using the main Google search interface. You can search in various ways:

* Entering "movie: 10001" in the Google "search text" entry field will search for all movies being shown in and around United States zipcode 10001- sorted by movie theater. Within the listing you can see showtimes, the average rating for each movie, as well as links to all reviews, and a link to the IMDB page for that movie.

* Entering "movie: movies 10001" provides a listing sorted by movie, showing all locations and showtimes where each movie is shown in the area.

* Entering "movie: Julia Roberts" provides a listing sorted by movie, of many of the movies starring this actor/actress. It is unclear what rules/algorithm is used for including/excluding certain movies.

* Google Movies

Music "Google Music" is a service launched on December 15, 2005. The new service is not going to be a music library, such as Yahoo’s. The service will search libraries of legal download services and will provide links to the partners, as well as lyrics and biographies of the artist. Initial merchant partners include Apple Computer's iTunes service, RealNetworks's Rhapsody, eMusic, and, Google said. Google also said that this does not represent Google moving to be an online music retailer.

The way the service is used is by simply typing in the name of a popular band and searching from the standard home page, the engine will return specialized results at the top of the results similar to "Google AdSense".

* Google Music website


This search feature is built into Google's standard search bar; if the search terms match certain criteria, an option to view search results of Google's telephone directory archive is provided. One can search both residential and business listings. There is also an option available to remove one's phone book entry from Google.

* Google PhoneBook results for Google, Inc.

Weather Allows users in the USA to get a four-day forecast for a particular U.S. locations using the main Google search interface.

* Palo Alto weather




Main article: Blogger

Blogger website In 2003, Google acquired the Pyra Labs and Blogger services. Formerly premium features that needed to be paid for were made available for free by Google. The tool, Blogger, is a service to make weblog publishing easier. The user does not have to write any code or worry about installing server software or scripts. Nevertheless, the user can influence the design of their blog freely.

Calendar Released April 13th, 2006. Many features come with Google Calendar such as:

* Sharing calendars with other Google users

* Publicizing your Calendar showing "Busy" or "Available" times without giving away private details.

* The ability to import or export existing calendars to/from Microsoft Outlook or other common calendar programs.

* Google Calendar website

Code Google Code is Google's site for developers interested in Google-related development. The site contains Open Source code and lists of their API services.

* Google Code website


Main article: Gmail (known in some areas as 'Google Mail')

On April 1, 2004, Google announced its own free webmail service, Gmail, which would provide users with 1000 MB (actually 1 GB, or 1024 MB) of storage for their mailboxes and would generate revenue by displaying advertisements from the AdWords service based on words in users email messages. Owing to April Fool's Day, however, the company's press release was greeted with much skepticism in the technology world. Jonathan Rosenberg, Google's vice-president of products, re-assured BBC News by saying "We are very serious about Gmail."

When Gmail was announced, the storage space available was vastly more than that of most other free webmail providers—for example, Microsoft's Hotmail only offered 2 MB, and Yahoo!'s Mail service offered 4 MB. (In response to Gmail, Yahoo's limits have been upgraded to 250 MB and then again, to 1 GB for their free accounts, and 2 GB for their premium account; Hotmail's limits have been upgraded to 250 MB for their free accounts, and 2 GB for their premium account.) There has been a great deal of criticism regarding Gmail's privacy policy. Most of the criticism was over Google's plans to add context-sensitive advertisements to emails by automatically scanning them. Google continues to refute some of this criticism by pointing out that GMail is using mostly industry wide practices. [8]

On April 1, 2005 Google announced that they would begin constantly increasing mailbox size by approximately 1 MB every 75 seconds, with no plan to stop. This actually was an April Fool's joke, but the company did simultaneously announce that it was increasing mailbox size to 2 GB, with a promise to add more space in the future. They are continuously adding more space, much slower than during April 1. On their webpage, they show how much space they are currently providing. By April 11, Google was adding storage at approximately 3.5 MB each day.

Although Google's Gmail is still in beta testing, and not open to the general public, users who do have an account have 5 (new users) to 100 (older users) "Gmail invites" that they can send to others. The number of invites a person has regenerates over time.

Gmail was anticipated to go open to the general public in early 2006. Although Google has not yet set an official date for open admittance, any person in Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Turkey, and the United States with a cell phone capable of text messaging can now sign up without an invite from a current user at

On February 7, 2006, Google announced they are currently adding Google Talk support into Gmail. This allows you to send instant messages to other talk users directly from your Gmail inbox. Many users already have access to this update and the integration is slowly being rolled over for those who don't.

Language Tools

This tool allows users to translate text or web pages from one language to another. It also allows searching in web pages located in a specific country or written in a specific language.

* Google Language Tools website

Measure Map

Measure Map provides statistics for user blogs.


Main article: Orkut

Though not mentioned on the Google homepage, orkut is a service hosted, created and maintained by Google engineers. Orkut is a social networking service, where users can list their personal and professional information, create relationships amongst friends and join communities of mutual interest. New Orkut accounts are by invite only from an existing member. Affinity Engines, a company based in Palo Alto, has filed a lawsuit alleging that their co-founder Orkut Büyükkökten illegally re-used Affinity Engines software code when he moved to Google. [9]

* orkut


Main article: Google Reader

Google Reader logo

On October 7th 2005, Google launched Google Reader, a feed reader, or "news aggregator", capable of reading Atom and RSS feeds. Google Reader is accessed through a web browser and features an interface similar to Gmail. It allows you to subscribe to feeds by URL, import/export subscription lists using OPML, and search for new feeds. The service also embeds audio enclosures in the page. To add a "Add to Google Reader" Button with 1-click subscriptions to your webpage visit the link below.

* Google Reader


Main article: Google Sitemaps

In June 2005 Google released the Google Sitemaps tool into beta testing. Google Sitemaps allows Webmasters to generate a file that lists the URLs on the site in order for better indexing of the website. Google makes no promises about increasing PageRank with this tool, but it allows the Webmaster to get some feedback on the URLs that Google is searching.


The Google Web API (or Google Web Services) is Google's public interface for registered developers. Using Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP), a programmer can write services for search and data mining that rely on Google's results. Also, websurfers can view cached pages and make suggestions for better spelling.

By default a developer has a limit of 1,000 requests per day. This program is still in a beta phase. Google is one of the few search engines to make its results available via a public API; Technorati is another good example. Some popular implementations of the Google Web API include the alerting service Google Alerts, or FindForward, as well as the Google Dance Tool, which monitors when Google is spidering the Internet.

* Google Web API website


Main article: Writely

On March 9, 2006, Google acquired Upstartle, the maker of online word-processor Writely. It is still in beta and is not available to new users as of yet.

* Writely website

* Writely blog



Google Pack

Main article: Google Pack

Google Pack, announced at the Las Vegas Consumer Electronics Show on 6 January 2006, bundles Google (Google Earth, Google Talk, Google Desktop, etc.) and non-Google software (such as Adobe Reader, Norton Antivirus and Trillian) into a single setup.


In December 2003, Google launched the beta version of the Google Deskbar, a search tool which runs from the Microsoft Windows taskbar, without a browser having to be open. It can return film reviews, stock quotes, dictionary and thesaurus definitions, plus any pre-configured search of a third-party site (e.g. eBay or Amazon). In November 2004, Google launched an API for Google Deskbar.

* Google Deskbar website


Main article: Google Desktop

Google Desktop enables desktop search. It runs locally on a PC and will index all Microsoft Outlook, Outlook Express, Netscape Mail, and Thunderbird emails, text documents, Microsoft Office documents, AOL Instant Messenger conversations, Internet Explorer, Mozilla, Mozilla Firefox, and Netscape history on that PC, PDF, music, images, video, and allow the user to search them from a browser.

Google Desktop 2 (beta) was released on August 22, 2005. The new feature that distinguishes Desktop 2 from Desktop is the addition of Sidebar which is placed on either side of your Windows desktop and can display real-time news, e-mail, photos, stocks, and weather, among others.

On November 3, 2005, Google "graduated" Desktop from beta. ([10])

* Google Desktop website


Main article: Google Earth

Screenshot from Google Earth


Screenshot from Google Earth

On June 28, 2005, Google made available Google Earth as a downloadable program for free. It uses Keyhole technology to allow customized use of Google Maps, with e.g. map images with town and street names overlaying satellite images. For some areas these overlays are available even though Google Maps by itself does not provide these.

* Google Earth website


Main article: Hello (application)

This add-on to Google's software Picasa gives the user the ability to instant message pictures and to surf the web in a shared form: two users instant messaging can surf the web together. It also allows a user to directly add pictures from Picasa to his/her blog on blogger. This is the first instant messaging download offered by Google.

* Hello


Main article: Picasa

On July 13, 2004 Google acquired Picasa, software for management and sharing of digital photographs. Since then, Google has released the latest edition of the software with Picasa2. The aim of the software was to make photo editing simple and easy to use. Picasa has also been integrated with Google's Blogger and Gmail services. It is free to download.

* picasa


Main Article: SketchUp

On Tuesday March 16th 2006, Google acquired @Last Software, makers of a 3D modelling software called SketchUp. The software is still available through the SketchUp Website for a fee, although a trial version is available for download.

On Thursday April 27th 2006, Google released a free version 5.0.245 of SketchUp for Windows, on their website, promising a Mac version soon. There is also a Pro version available for a price ($495).

* Download Page


Main Article: Google Talk

On August 24, 2005, a beta version of Talk was released. It is an instant messaging service, utilizing the Jabber protocol. Talk also includes a voice over ip service.

On February 7, 2006, Google announced they are currently adding Talk support into Gmail. This allows you to send instant messages to other talk users directly from your gmail inbox. Many users already have access to this update and the integration is slowly being rolled over for those who don't.

* Google Talk website


Google Toolbar is a toolbar featuring a Google search bar, as well as other Google tools. As of July 2005, Google Toolbar is available for two browsers, four operating systems and in ten languages.

This addition to Microsoft Internet Explorer 5 or later adds Google's searching capabilities in a toolbar in the web browser. The latest version includes pop-up ads blocking, automatic filling of forms, the ability to show the Google PageRank value for the current page being viewed, and spell checker, AutoLink and the Word Translator. It has been criticized for being a security risk because it updates itself without user intervention.

A separately downloadable add-on for the toolbar allowed participation in Google Compute, a distributed computing project to help scientific research. This add-on is currently not available.

Other browsers, such as Mozilla, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, and Safari, have built-in search tools that offer the same functionality. Google also has a version of the toolbar, Google Toolbar for Firefox, which functions similarly to its Internet Explorer counterpart, except it has exclusive Firefox-only features. There is also the well established Googlebar List of Firefox extensions extension, which although not developed by Google directly offers very similar functionality to the official Google Toolbar.

In January 2006, Google released the beta version of its new toolbar, Google Toolbar Beta, for Windows XP/2000 and IE 6.0+ which allows users to get instant search suggestions; share web pages with friends; enjoy the Toolbar's pop-up blocker, web form filler, and spellchecker; add bookmarks; and add custom buttons. Google Custom Button Gallery


Then, in April 2006, Google released Google Toolbar 2 for Firefox for Windows XP/2000, Mac OS X, or Red Hat Linux and Firefox 1.0+. Additions included an "enhanced search box" and a new "safe browsing" anti-phishing feature. [11]

Toolbar trivia

The about dialog box for Google Toolbar has the Latin words "de parvis grandis acervus erit"



Google Store

The Google Store is an online store with clothing, mouse pads, and other items with the Google logo on it. They also have their software to download. On some items, they also have the logos of other services, like Blogger.

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